Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 c. 1656): Judith Beheading

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 c. 1656): Judith Beheading

12/21/2021, 1:23:53 PM
Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 c. 1656): Judith Beheading Holofernes, 1611, oil on canvas, 158,8 x 125,5 cm, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples, Italy Daughter of Caravaggio’s follower, Orazio Gentileschi, Artemisia Gentileschi, who is considered as the most accomplished women painter of the 17th century, moved to Florence to escape the scandal in Rome after the lawsuit for rape she brought against the landscape painter Agostino Tassi. Of this dramatic case, concluding predictably with the humiliation of Artemisia, documentation does exist and today is often taken as a symbol of the violence women have had to endure for centuries. Her best known work, 'Judith Slaying Holofernes' shows the scene of Judith beheading Holofernes, common in art since the early Renaissance, as part of the group of subjects called the Power of women. Caravaggio's 'Judith Beheading Holofernes' is believed to be the main source of this work, and his infiuence shows in the naturalism and violence Gentileschi brings to her canvas. The subject takes an episode from the Book of Judith, which is not commonly considered as canonical by the Christian Churches and Jews. It recounts the assassination of the Assyrian general Holofernes by the Israelite heroine Judith. The painting shows the moment when Judith, helped by her maidservant, beheads the general after he has fallen asleep drunk. The painting is relentlessly physical, from the wide spurts of blood to the energy of the two women as they perform the act. The effort of the women’s struggle is most finely represented by the delicate face of the maid, who is grasped by the oversized, muscular fist of Holofernes as he desperately struggles to survive. Although the painting depicts a classic scene from the Bible, Gentileschi drew herself as Judith and her mentor Agostino Tassi, who was tried in court for her rape, as Holofernes. . 👉 'Best of @Painters .Paintings - 2018' 👈

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